CVE-2021-27850

Description


A critical unauthenticated remote code execution vulnerability was found all recent versions of Apache Tapestry. The affected versions include 5.4.5, 5.5.0, 5.6.2 and 5.7.0. The vulnerability I have found is a bypass of the fix for CVE-2019-0195. Recap: Before the fix of CVE-2019-0195 it was possible to download arbitrary class files from the classpath by providing a crafted asset file URL. An attacker was able to download the file `AppModule.class` by requesting the URL `http://localhost:8080/assets/something/services/AppModule.class` which contains a HMAC secret key. The fix for that bug was a blacklist filter that checks if the URL ends with `.class`, `.properties` or `.xml`. Bypass: Unfortunately, the blacklist solution can simply be bypassed by appending a `/` at the end of the URL: `http://localhost:8080/assets/something/services/AppModule.class/` The slash is stripped after the blacklist check and the file `AppModule.class` is loaded into the response. This class usually contains the HMAC secret key which is used to sign serialized Java objects. With the knowledge of that key an attacker can sign a Java gadget chain that leads to RCE (e.g. CommonsBeanUtils1 from ysoserial). Solution for this vulnerability: * For Apache Tapestry 5.4.0 to 5.6.1, upgrade to 5.6.2 or later. * For Apache Tapestry 5.7.0, upgrade to 5.7.1 or later.

Related CPE's



CvssV3 impact


BaseSeverity

CRITICAL

ConfidentialityImpact

HIGH

AttackComplexity

LOW

Scope

UNCHANGED

AttackVector

NETWORK

AvailabilityImpact

HIGH

IntegrityImpact

HIGH

PrivilegesRequired

NONE

BaseScore

9.8

VectorString

CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H

Version

3.1

UserInteraction

NONE

CvssV2 impact


AccessComplexity

LOW

ConfidentialityImpact

COMPLETE

AvailabilityImpact

COMPLETE

IntegrityImpact

COMPLETE

BaseScore

10

VectorString

AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C

Version

2.0

AccessVector

NETWORK

Authentication

NONE